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As you are probably aware, the latest job markets news isn't good: Unemployment is still more than 9 percent, and new job growth has fallen close to zero. That's bad for the economy, of course. And it may be especially discouraging if you happen to be looking for a job or hoping to change careers right now. But it actually shouldn't matter to you nearly as much as you think.
That's because job growth numbers don't matter to job hunters as much as job turnover data. After all, existing jobs open up every day due to promotions, resignations, terminations, and retirements. (Yes, people are retiring even in this economy.) In both good times and bad, turnover creates more openings than economic growth does. Even in June of 2007, when the economy was still humming along, job growth was only 132,000, while turnover was 4.7 million!
And as it turns out, even today — with job growth near zero — over 4 million job hunters are being hired every month.
I don't mean to imply that overall job growth doesn't have an impact on one's ability to land a job. It's true that if total employment were higher, it would mean more jobs for all of us to choose from (and compete for). And it's true that there are currently more people applying for each available job opening, regardless of whether it's a new one or not.
But what often distinguishes those who land jobs from those who don't is their ability to stay motivated. They're willing to do the hard work of identifying their valuable skills; be creative about where and how to look; learn how to present themselves to potential employers; and keep going, even after repeated rejections. The Bureau of Labor Statistics data shows that 2.7 million people who wanted and were available for work hadn't looked within the last four weeks and were no longer even classified as unemployed.
So don't let the headlines fool you into giving up. Four million people get hired every month in the U.S. You can be one of them.
1
The author tends to believe that high unemployment rate ______?
A.deprives many people of job opportunities.
B.prevents many people from changing careers.
C.should not stop people from looking for a job.
D.does not mean the U.S. economy is worsening.
本题答案:
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • 参考答案:C
  • 系统解析:
    主旨大意题。根据That's because job growth numbers don't matter to job hunters as much as job turnover data.那是因为新增工作岗位数字对于找工作的人来说,并不像流通数据那样重要。和 And as it turns out, even today — with job growth near zero — over 4 million job hunters are being hired every month. 正像证明的那样,即便是现在—新增工作接近0—但是每月有400万找工作的人找到工作,表明:失业率的多少应该不会阻碍人们找到新工作。
2
Where do most job openings come from?
A.Job growth
B.Job turnover
C.Improved economy
D.Business expansion
本题答案:
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • 参考答案:B
  • 系统解析:
    细节理解题。In both good times and bad, turnover creates more openings than economic growth does. 在经济好和坏的时期,流通量比经济增长创造的工作机会更多。
3
What does the author say about overall job growth?
A.It doesn't have much effect on individual job seekers.
B.It increases people's confidence in the economy.
C.It gives a ray of hope to the unemployed.
D.It doesn't mean greater job security for the employed.
本题答案:
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • 参考答案:A
  • 系统解析:
    推理判断题。But it actually shouldn't matter to you nearly as much as you think. 但是,它并不像你认为的对你那么重要。And as it turns out, even today — with job growth near zero — over 4 million job hunters are being hired every month. 正像证明的那样,即便是现在—新增工作接近0—但是每月有400万找工作的人找到工作表明:失业率的多少跟人们找工作没有多大影响。
4
What is the key to landing a job according to the author?
A.Education
B.Intelligence
C.Persistence
D.Experience
本题答案:
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • 参考答案:C
  • 系统解析:
    推理判断题。and keep going, even after repeated rejections. 即使在再三被拒绝之后,还不断努力的人。对应persistence: 坚持。 Education:教育;Intelligence:智力;Experience:经历;经验。
5
What do we learn from the passage about the unemployment figures in the US?
A.They clearly indicate how healthy the economy is.
B.They provide the public with the latest information.
C.They warn of the structural problems in the economy.
D.They exclude those who have stopped looking for a job.
本题答案:
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • 参考答案:D
  • 系统解析:
    细节理解题。The Bureau of Labor Statistics data shows that 2.7 million people who wanted and were available for work hadn't looked within the last four weeks and were no longer even classified as unemployed.劳动统计局的数据表明,想找工作的270万人在过去的四周内都没有找过工作,甚至已经不被分类为事业了。